The care of older pets is directed at preventing premature aging, minimizing physical and emotional stresses, managing chronic medical conditions and meeting the special needs of the seniors [2,4,6].
Ensuring that the process of aging will not reduce the quality of life for them and they remain carefree and happy [1,2].
The art of caring and managing Senior Health should be carefully crafted and best achieved by working closely with a experienced medical team like us.
Above: Age chart to help owners appreciate the life stages their pet is in, understand the physiological age and how to provide the needed care . Table adapted from Treatment and Care of the Geriatric Veterinary Patient. (10lb = 4.54kg)
For further discussion about pet care for different species and life stages, please click below:
STOP HAVING FUN
WHEN YOU GET OLD.
YOU GET OLD
STOP HAVING FUN.
Senior dog with arthritis hospitalized because of an open pressure sore, still enjoying a bit of a walk (bottom) and a good laugh (left) with assistance from the helium balloons.
Senior dog under the watchful eye of the vet (ICU) after surgery.
Senior dog hospitalized for observation, throwing a tantrum because she was bored and not impressed by the staff.
Senior guide dog admitted for observation.
Senior dog that only allows one specific person in the clinic to trim his nails and clean his ears.
Senior Chinchilla admitted for fur trimming.
Senior dog taking an afternoon nap at the reception lobby while being hospitalized.
While every pet should have an annual physical examination, a pet older than 7 years who is in relatively good health should have a complete veterinary examination at least once a year, preferably twice a year .
THE BODY SYSTEMS TO MONITOR FOR GERIATRICS [1,2,3,4,5,6,7]:
Sclerosis of the lens
Loss of hearing.
Loss of sense of smell
Loss of elasticity
JOINTS & LIMBS
Unable to digest certain type of food
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
The cognitive function/ dysfunction/ sleep disorder - DISHA / DISH (refer to explanation below).
Table adapted from Treatment and Care of the Geriatric Veterinary Patient.
The DISHA guideline for the clients to determine if cognitive dysfunction is present. DISHA stands for disorientation, interactions, sleep‐wake cycle disturbances, house‐soiling, and activity level alterations .
ANNUAL GERIATRIC MEDICAL PROTOCOL 
This should include:
Complete blood count
Blood pressure reading
Tear production measurement
Corneal surface assessment
Intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement
Ear drum scope
Oral cavity examination
Mobility and weight bearing analysis
Skin and fur coat examination
Chest x-ray and electrocardiogram as needed
Routine dental care and maintenance
1. Coffey, L.T. (2015). My Old Dog. Rescued Pets with Remarkable Second Acts. California: New World Library
2. Davies, M. (1996). Canine and Feline Geriatrics. UK: Wiley-Blackwell
3. Gardner, M., McVety, D. (2017). Treatment and Care of the Geriatric Veterinary Patient. UK: Wiley-Blackwell
4. Gram, W.D.; Milner, R.J.; Lobetti, R. (2018). Chronic Disease Management for Small Animal. USA: Wiley-Blackwell
5. Landsberg, G.; Madari, A.; Zilka, N. (2017). Canine and Feline Dementia. Molecular Basis, Diagnostics and Therapy. Switzerland: Springer
6. Shanan, A.; Pierce, J.; Shearer, T. (2017). Hospice and Palliative Care for Companion Animals. Principles and Practice. UK: Wiley-Blackwell
7. Shojai, A.D. (2010). Complete Care for Your Aging Cat, 2nd Ed. US: Wiley
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